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Die Wimbledon Championships waren das dritte von vier Grand-Slam- Turnieren der Saison, den am höchsten dotierten Tennisturnieren. Es fand vom 2 . Die Auflage der Wimbledon Championships fand auf dem Gelände des All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club an der Worple Road statt. Wimbledon – Spiel, Satz und Liebe ist eine romantische Filmkomödie von Richard Loncraine aus dem Jahr Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Handlung; 2 Kritik.

In a new No. Their principal responsibility is to ensure that the courts are quickly covered when it begins to rain, so that play can resume as quickly as possible once the referees decide to uncover the courts.

The court attendants are mainly university students working to make summer money. Centre Court is covered by full-time groundstaff, however.

At the northern end of the grounds is a giant television screen on which important matches are broadcast. Fans watch from an area of grass officially known as the Aorangi Terrace.

When British players do well at Wimbledon, the hill attracts fans for them, and is often renamed after them by the press: As both of them have now retired and Andy Murray is the number 1 British player, the hill is occasionally referred to as "Murray Mound" or " Murrayfield ", as a reference to his Scottish heritage and the Scottish rugby ground of the same name, but this has largely failed to catch on — the area is still usually referred to as Henman Hill.

None of these nicknames are official. The qualifying matches, prior to the main draw, take place at the Bank of England Sports Ground, in Roehampton , 3.

Social commentator Ellis Cashmore describes Wimbledon as having "a David Niven -ish propriety", conforming to the standards of behaviour common in the s.

Writer Peter York sees the event as representing a particular white and affluent type of Britishness, describing the area of Wimbledon as "a southern, well off, late-Victorian suburb with a particular social character".

In the championship games, ball boys and girls, known as BBGs, play a crucial role in the smooth running of the tournament, with a brief that a good BBG "should not be seen.

They should blend into the background and get on with their jobs quietly. From ball boys were supplied by Goldings, [47] the only Barnardos school to provide them.

Since , BBGs have been provided by local schools. As of they are drawn from schools in the London boroughs of Merton , Sutton , Kingston , and Wandsworth , as well as from Surrey.

This was possibly owing to their proximity to the club. BBGs have an average age of 15, being drawn from the school years nine and ten. With the expansion of the number of courts, and lengthening the tennis day, as of , the number of BBGs required is around Each BBG receives a certificate, a can of used balls, a group photograph and a programme when leaving.

Every BBG keeps all of their kit, typically consisting of three or four shirts, two or three shorts or skorts , track suit bottoms and top, twelve pairs of socks, three pairs of wristbands, a hat, water bottle holder, bag and trainers.

BBG places are split Prospective BBGs are first nominated by their school headteacher , to be considered for selection. To be selected, a candidate must pass written tests on the rules of tennis, and pass fitness, mobility and other suitability tests, against initial preliminary instruction material.

Successful candidates then commence a training phase, starting in February, in which the final BBGs are chosen through continual assessment.

As of , this training intake was The training includes weekly sessions of physical, procedural and theoretical instruction, to ensure that the BBGs are fast, alert, self-confident and adaptable to situations.

As of , early training occurs at the Wimbledon All England Lawn Tennis Club Covered Courts, to the side of the Grounds, and then moves to outside courts 8, 9, 10 the week before the Championships for a feel of the grass court.

Dark green and purple are the traditional Wimbledon colours. However, all tennis players participating in the tournament are required to wear all-white or at least almost all-white clothing, a long-time tradition at Wimbledon.

Green clothing was worn by the chair umpire, linesmen, ball boys and ball girls until the Championships; however, beginning with the Championships, officials, ball boys and ball girls were dressed in new navy blue- and cream-coloured uniforms from American designer Ralph Lauren.

This marked the first time in the history of the Championships that an outside company was used to design Wimbledon clothing; the contract with Polo Ralph Lauren ended in Prior to female players were referred to by the title "Miss" or "Mrs" on scoreboards.

Lloyd" during her marriage to John Lloyd , since "Mrs. X" essentially designates the wife of X. This tradition has continued at least to some extent.

The title "Mr" is not used for male players who are professionals on scoreboards but the prefix is retained for amateurs, although chair umpires refer to players as "Mr" when they use the replay challenge.

If a match is being played with two competitors of the same surname e. Previously, players bowed or curtsied to members of the royal family seated in the Royal Box upon entering or leaving Centre Court.

Now, players are required to bow or curtsy only if The Prince of Wales , or The Queen is present, [56] as was in practice during the Championships when the Queen was in attendance at Wimbledon on 24 June.

Prior to the Second World War, members of the Brigade of Guards and retired members of the Royal Artillery performed the role of stewards.

In the AELTC offered employment to wartime servicemen returning to civilian life during their demobilisation leave.

In London Fire Brigade members joined the ranks of stewards. The AELTC pays a subsistence allowance to servicemen and women working as stewards to defray their accommodation costs for the period of the Championships.

The Service Stewards are not to be confused with the Honorary Stewards. The majority of centre and show court tickets sold to the general public have since been made available by a public ballot that the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club holds at the start of the year.

Successful applicants are selected at random by a computer. Seats and days are allocated randomly and ballot tickets are not transferrable. Fans who invest thus in the club receive a pair of tickets for every day of the Wimbledon Championships for the five years the investment lasts.

Wimbledon and the French Open are the only Grand Slam tournaments where fans without tickets for play can queue up and still get seats on the three show courts on the day of the match.

From , there is a single queue, allotted about seats for each court. When they join the queue, fans are handed queue cards. To get access to the show courts, fans will normally have to queue overnight.

The All-England Club allows overnight queuing and provides toilet and water facilities for campers. Early in the morning when the line moves towards the Grounds, stewards walk along the line and hand out wristbands that are colour-coded to the specific court.

The wrist band and payment is exchanged at the ticket office for the ticket when the grounds open. General admission to the grounds gives access to the outer courts and is possible without queuing overnight.

Tickets returned by people leaving early go on sale at 2: Queuing for the show courts ends after the quarter finals have been completed.

Wimbledon is notable for the longest running sponsorship in sports history due to its association with Slazenger who have supplied all tennis balls during the tournament since Until when its contract ended, [74] Radio Wimbledon could be heard within a five-mile radius on It operated under a Restricted Service Licence.

Presenters included Sam Lloyd and Ali Barton. Typically they worked alternate four-hour shifts until the end of the last match of the day.

Regular guests included Sue Mappin. In later years Radio Wimbledon acquired a second low-power FM frequency within the grounds only of Hourly news bulletins and travel using RDS were also broadcast.

Beginning with the tournament , an in-house operation known as Wimbledon Broadcasting Services WBS has served as the official host broadcaster of the tournament, replacing BBC Sport.

This can result in live matches being moved across all 3 channels. The BBC holds the broadcast rights for Wimbledon until John Barrett succeeded him in that role until he retired in The coverage is presented by Sue Barker live and Claire Balding highlights.

Highlights of the rest of the tournament must be provided by terrestrial stations; live coverage excepting the finals may be sought by satellite or cable TV.

The BBC was forced to apologise after many viewers complained about "over-talking" by its commentary team during the TV coverage of the event in It said in a statement that views on commentary were subjective but that they "do appreciate that over-talking can irritate our audience".

The BBC added that it hoped it had achieved "the right balance" across its coverage and was "of course sorry if on occasion you have not been satisfied".

Tim Henman and John McEnroe were among the ex-players commentating. Wimbledon was also involved in a piece of television history, when on 1 July the first official colour television broadcast took place in the UK.

Four hours live coverage of the Championships was shown on BBC Two, which was the first television channel in Europe to regularly broadcast in colour.

Beginning , all centre court matches are televised in 4K ultra-high-definition. A piece titled "A Sporting Occasion" is the traditional closing theme, though nowadays coverage typically ends either with a montage set to a popular song or with no music at all.

Mansfield also composed the piece "World Champion", used by NBC during intervals change-overs, set breaks, etc. Caroline Murphy was the presenter of the programme.

Live coverage was provided in the Irish language while they broadcast highlights in English at night.

Live coverage started early in the morning the US being a minimum of 5 hours behind the UK and continued well into the afternoon, interspersed with commentary and interviews from Bud Collins , whose tennis acumen and in famous patterned trousers were well known to tennis fans in the US.

From to , premium channel HBO carried weekday coverage of Wimbledon. Since the tournament, all live coverage, including the Finals, has been exclusively on ESPN and ESPN2, marking the second major tennis championship after the Australian Open available in the United States exclusively on pay television although taped highlights from the tournament are presented at weekend afternoons on sister network ABC.

In Mexico , the Televisa family of networks has aired Wimbledon since the early s. Presently, most weekend matches are broadcast through Canal 5 with the weekday matches broadcast on the Televisa Deportes Network.

As Mexico is six hours behind the U. Although Mexico had begun broadcasting in colour in , Wimbledon continued to air in black and white in Mexico until colour television came to the United Kingdom in In Brazil, SporTV has exclusive rights to the broadcast.

Although there are some exceptions, as in Denmark, where the Danish channel TV3 Sport and Viaplay, holds the rights to show Wimbledon until In the Netherlands Center Court is shown live on Eurosport 1 and all other courts are shown live on the Eurosport Player.

In Australia , the free-to-air Nine Network covered Wimbledon for almost 40 years but decided to drop their broadcast following the tournament, citing declining ratings and desire to use money saved to bid on other sports coverage.

In April , it was announced that the Seven Network , the host broadcaster of the Australian Open, along with its sister channel 7Two would broadcast the event from Pay television network Fox Sports Australia also covers the event.

In India and its Subcontinental region, it is broadcast on Star Sports. In their new channel, TVNZ Duke also free-to-air , carried an alternative to the main feed, including for example matches on outside courts involving New Zealand players.

Fox Sports Asia holds broadcasting rights across Southeast Asia. Most matches are also available for viewing through internet betting websites and other live streaming services, as television cameras are set up to provide continuous coverage on nearly all the courts.

The trophy has been awarded since and bears the inscription: The actual trophy remains the property of the All England Club in their museum, so the champion receives a three-quarter size replica of the Cup bearing the names of all past Champions height The salver, which is The actual dish remains the property of the All England Club in their museum, so the champion receives a miniature replica bearing the names of all past Champions.

From to the replica was 8 inches in diameter, and since it has been a three-quarter size replica with a diameter of A trophy is awarded to each player in the Doubles pair, unlike the other Grand Slam tournaments where the winning Doubles duo shares a single trophy.

The runner-up in each event receives an inscribed silver plate. Prize money was first awarded in , the year that professional players were allowed to compete in the Championships for the first time.

In , Wimbledon changed this policy, awarding the same amounts per event category to both men and women. A further increase of 6. The bulk of the increases were given to players losing in earlier rounds.

Sergiy Stakhovsky , a member of the ATP Player Council and who was at the time ranked 68th, was among the most vocal in the push for higher pay for players who bow out in the earlier rounds.

In , the total prize money rose by Ranking points for the ATP and WTA have varied at Wimbledon through the years but at present singles players receive the following points:.

Alexander Peya was part of the winning Mixed Doubles title in Nicole Melichar was part of the winning Mixed Doubles title in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Tennis portal London portal. This policy was abolished in Retrieved 2 July The New York Times. Retrieved 17 July Britain and the Americas.

Culture, Politics, and History. Retrieved 14 September Retrieved 25 June Opens—the former is by far the most prestigious one.

Retrieved 18 July Retrieved 26 June Archived from the original on 21 December Retrieved 5 October Wimbledon Compendium 21st ed.

Retrieved 4 January Archived from the original on 15 March Retrieved 4 April Archived from the original on 3 August Retrieved 19 October Final set tie-breaks to be introduced in ".

Retrieved 23 November Archived from the original on 11 August Retrieved 12 November Retrieved 6 June Retrieved 1 January What is Manic Monday".

Retrieved 1 September Archived from the original on 19 April Retrieved 27 May The stagecoach horses would be stabled at the rear of the pub in what are now named Wimbledon Village Stables.

The manor house burnt down in the s and was replaced in by Wimbledon Park House, built by the second Earl. At the time the manor estate included Wimbledon Common as a heath and the enclosed parkland around the manor house.

Its area corresponded to the modern Wimbledon Park. Wimbledon House, a separate residence close to the village at the south end of Parkside near Peek Crescent , was home in the s to the exiled French statesman Vicomte de Calonne , and later to the mother of the writer Frederick Marryat.

Their association with the area is recorded in the names of nearby Calonne and Marryat roads. Directly south of the common, the early 18th-century Warren House Cannizaro House from was home to a series of grand residents.

The first decades of the 19th century were relatively quiet for Wimbledon, with a stable rural population coexisting alongside nobility and wealthy merchants from the city.

For several years Wimbledon Park was leased to the Duke of Somerset , who briefly in the s employed a young Joseph Paxton as one of his gardeners, but in the s the Spencer family sold the park off as building land.

A period of residential development began with large detached houses in the north of the park. In , the Spencers attempted to get parliamentary permission [6] to enclose the common as a new park with a house and gardens and to sell part for building.

Following an enquiry, permission was refused and a board of conservators was established in to take ownership of the common and preserve it in its natural condition.

Transport links improved further with railway lines to Croydon Wimbledon and Croydon Railway, opened in and Tooting Tooting, Merton and Wimbledon Railway, opened in The District Railway now the London Underground District line extended its service over new tracks from Putney in In the second half of the century, Wimbledon experienced very rapid expansion of its population.

From under 2, residents recorded in the census , the population grew by a minimum of 60 per cent each decade up to , to increase fifteen-fold in fifty years.

Large numbers of villas and terraced houses were built along the roads from the centre towards neighbouring Putney, Merton Park and Raynes Park.

The commercial and civic development of the town also accelerated. Wimbledon built its first police station in Cultural developments included a Literary Institute by the early s and the opening of Wimbledon Library in Street names reflect events: The change of character of Wimbledon from village to small town was recognised under the Local Government Act , which formed Wimbledon Urban District with an elected council.

By , Wimbledon had established the beginnings of the Wimbledon School of Art at the Gladstone Road Technical Institute and acquired its first cinema and the theatre.

Unusually, the facilities at its opening included Turkish baths. By the s, residential expansion had peaked in Wimbledon and the new focus for local growth had moved to neighbouring Morden , which had remained rural until the arrival of the Underground at Morden station in Wimbledon station was rebuilt by the Southern Railway with a simple Portland stone facade for the opening of a new railway branch line from Wimbledon to Sutton in Damage to housing stock in Wimbledon and other parts of London during the Second World War led to a final major building phase, when many earlier Victorian houses with large grounds in Wimbledon Park were sub-divided into flats or demolished and replaced with apartment blocks.

Other parts of Wimbledon Park, which had previously escaped being built upon, saw local authority estates constructed by the borough council, to house some of those who had lost their homes.

Initially, the new administrative centre was at Wimbledon Town Hall, but it moved to the storey Crown House in Morden in the early s.

During the s and s, Wimbledon town centre struggled to compete commercially with more developed centres at Kingston and Sutton.

Part of the problem was the shortage of locations for large anchor stores to attract customers. After some years in which the council seemed unable to find a solution, The Centre Court shopping centre was developed on land next to the station, providing a much needed focus.

The shopping centre incorporated the old town hall building. A new portico, in keeping with the old work, was designed by Sir George Grenfell-Baines , who had worked on the original designs over fifty years before.

Wimbledon lies in the south-west area of London , south of Wandsworth , west of Mitcham , north of Sutton and east of Kingston upon Thames , on the outskirts of Greater London.

It is 7 miles The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London. It is considered an affluent suburb with its grand Victorian houses, modern housing and low-rise apartments.

The majority of the adult population of around 68, adults belong to the ABC1 social group. Wimbledon is covered by several wards in the London Borough of Merton, making it difficult to produce statistics for the town as a whole.

Locals, newsagents, tradesman and Estate Agents refer to certain streets informally after their "street name" themes: At the time the Domesday Book was compiled around , Wimbledon was part of the manor of Mortlake.

The manor of Wimbledon changed hands many times during its history. Wimbledon formed the name of a larger borough of Wimbledon within the county of Surrey.

In the businesses in Wimbledon voted to introduce a Business Improvement District. In the s, at the bottom of the hill on land between the railway line and Worple Road, the All-England Croquet Club had begun to hold its annual championships.

But the popularity of croquet was waning as the new sport of lawn tennis began to spread, and after initially setting aside just one of its lawns for tennis, the club decided to hold its first Lawn Tennis Championship in July Wimbledon has also been well known for another period of sporting fame.

From a small, long-established non-League team, Wimbledon Football Club had from climbed quickly through the ranks of the Football League structure, reaching the highest national professional league in and winning the FA Cup against Liverpool in However, the proximity of other more established teams, such as Chelsea and Fulham and the small size of its ground meant that the club struggled to increase its fan base to the size needed to maintain a top-flight team.

In the team was relegated from the top division of English football after 14 years. Wimbledon moved into a stadium at Plough Lane in and played there for 79 years, until beginning a ground share with Crystal Palace at Selhurst Park near Croydon , as their progress through the Football League meant that redeveloping Plough Lane to the required modern standards was impractical.

The stadium stood dormant for 10 years until it was finally demolished in A housing development now occupies the site. In May , an FA commission controversially allowed the owners of the club to relocate 70 miles north to the town of Milton Keynes in Buckinghamshire , despite vehement fan protests.

This represented a previously unheard-of acceptance by the FA of American-style sports-team franchising, and the decision was universally criticised.

The club also won the Combined Counties League Premier Challenge Cup in and the Surrey Senior Cup in to complete consecutive league and cup doubles, in one of which finishing the season unbeaten in the league.

On 21 May , promotion to the football league was achieved when AFC Wimbledon won their Conference Premier play-off against Luton Town on penalty kicks after a goalless draw and extra time at City of Manchester Stadium This put Wimbledon back into English Football League , a remarkable achievement in such a short time.

In the s, the newly formed National Rifle Association held its first competition on Wimbledon Common. The association and the annual competition grew rapidly and by the early s, rifle ranges were established on the common.

In the competitions were lasting two weeks and attracting nearly 2, competitors, housed in temporary camps set up across the common.

By the s, however, the power and range of rifles had advanced to the extent that shooting in an increasingly populated area was no longer considered safe.

Wimbledon Village Stables is the oldest recorded riding stables in England. It offers horse-riding lessons and hacks on Wimbledon Common and in Richmond Park.

In the Rev. Daniel Lysons published The Environs of London: For many years Wimbledon Stadium hosted to Greyhound racing , as well as Stock car racing and Speedway.

Speedway began at Wimbledon Stadium in The local team, the "Dons" , was successful over the decades. The track re-opened in and the Dons operated in the top flight for many years.

In the s the track was home to two World Champions: Ronnie Moore and Barry Briggs. Greyhound racing and stock-car racing continue there.

There is an active running club in Wimbledon called the Windmilers. The club includes some top athletes as well as beginners. A Parkrun is held every Saturday morning at 9 am.

The course starts and finishes at the Windmill. Mullholland as the Wimbledon Theatre, on the site of a large house with spacious grounds.

It opened on 26 December with the pantomime Jack and Jill. The theatre was saved from redevelopment by the Ambassador Theatre Group in

Traditionally, unlike the other three tennis Grand Slams, there is no play on the "Middle Sunday", which is considered a rest day. However, rain has forced play on the Middle Sunday four times, in , , and Since , the championships have begun one week later than in previous years, extending the gap between the tournament and the French Open from two to three weeks.

Both tournaments have 8 wild card entrants, with the remainder in each made up of qualifiers. The system of seeding was introduced during the Wimbledon Championships.

This was a simplified version allowing countries to nominate four players who were placed in different quarters of the draw. This system was replaced for the Wimbledon Championships and from then on players were seeded on merit.

The first players to be seeded as no. The Committee of Management decide which players receive wildcards.

Usually, wild cards are players who have performed well during previous tournaments or would stimulate public interest in Wimbledon by participating.

Players and pairs who neither have high enough rankings nor receive wild cards may participate in a qualifying tournament held one week before Wimbledon at the Bank of England Sports Ground in Roehampton.

The singles qualifying competitions are three-round events. From singles qualification will increase to players and no doubles qualification will occur.

There is no qualifying tournament for Mixed Doubles. The furthest that any qualifier has progressed in a Singles tournament is the semi-final round: Players are admitted to the junior tournaments upon the recommendations of their national tennis associations, on their International Tennis Federation world rankings and, in the case of the singles events, on the basis of a qualifying competition.

The Committee of Management determines which players may enter the four invitational events. While the seeds are still the top 32 players according to rankings, the seeding order is determined using the formula: In , the title was won by Richard Krajicek , who was originally unseeded ranked 17th, and only 16 players were seeded but was promoted to a seeded position still with the number 17 when Thomas Muster withdrew before the tournament.

The change was made to improve durability and strengthen the sward to better withstand the increasing wear of the modern game.

The main show courts, Centre Court and No. The remaining 17 courts are regularly used for other events hosted by the Club.

The show courts were in action for the second time in three months in as Wimbledon hosted the tennis events of the Olympic Games.

One of the show courts is also used for home ties of the GB teams in the Davis Cup on occasions. Wimbledon is the only Grand Slam event played on grass courts.

At one time, all the Majors, except the French Open, were played on grass. The Church Road venue was larger and was needed to meet the ever-growing public demand.

Due to the possibility of rain during Wimbledon, a retractable roof was installed prior to the Championship. The first full match played and completed under the roof featured Andy Murray and Stan Wawrinka , played on the same date.

The court has a capacity of 15, At its south end is the Royal Box, from which members of the Royal Family and other dignitaries watch matches.

Centre Court usually hosts the finals and semifinals of the main events, as well as many matches in the earlier rounds involving top-seeded players or local favourites.

The second most important court is No. The court was constructed in to replace the old No. The court was said to have had a unique, more intimate atmosphere and was a favourite of many players.

Construction on a new retractable roof on the No. The capacity of the stadium is also set to rise by taking the total capacity up to 12, From , a new No.

To obtain planning permission , the playing surface is around 3. In a new No. Their principal responsibility is to ensure that the courts are quickly covered when it begins to rain, so that play can resume as quickly as possible once the referees decide to uncover the courts.

The court attendants are mainly university students working to make summer money. Centre Court is covered by full-time groundstaff, however.

At the northern end of the grounds is a giant television screen on which important matches are broadcast. Fans watch from an area of grass officially known as the Aorangi Terrace.

When British players do well at Wimbledon, the hill attracts fans for them, and is often renamed after them by the press: As both of them have now retired and Andy Murray is the number 1 British player, the hill is occasionally referred to as "Murray Mound" or " Murrayfield ", as a reference to his Scottish heritage and the Scottish rugby ground of the same name, but this has largely failed to catch on — the area is still usually referred to as Henman Hill.

None of these nicknames are official. The qualifying matches, prior to the main draw, take place at the Bank of England Sports Ground, in Roehampton , 3.

Social commentator Ellis Cashmore describes Wimbledon as having "a David Niven -ish propriety", conforming to the standards of behaviour common in the s.

Writer Peter York sees the event as representing a particular white and affluent type of Britishness, describing the area of Wimbledon as "a southern, well off, late-Victorian suburb with a particular social character".

In the championship games, ball boys and girls, known as BBGs, play a crucial role in the smooth running of the tournament, with a brief that a good BBG "should not be seen.

They should blend into the background and get on with their jobs quietly. From ball boys were supplied by Goldings, [47] the only Barnardos school to provide them.

Since , BBGs have been provided by local schools. As of they are drawn from schools in the London boroughs of Merton , Sutton , Kingston , and Wandsworth , as well as from Surrey.

This was possibly owing to their proximity to the club. BBGs have an average age of 15, being drawn from the school years nine and ten. With the expansion of the number of courts, and lengthening the tennis day, as of , the number of BBGs required is around Each BBG receives a certificate, a can of used balls, a group photograph and a programme when leaving.

Every BBG keeps all of their kit, typically consisting of three or four shirts, two or three shorts or skorts , track suit bottoms and top, twelve pairs of socks, three pairs of wristbands, a hat, water bottle holder, bag and trainers.

BBG places are split Prospective BBGs are first nominated by their school headteacher , to be considered for selection.

To be selected, a candidate must pass written tests on the rules of tennis, and pass fitness, mobility and other suitability tests, against initial preliminary instruction material.

Successful candidates then commence a training phase, starting in February, in which the final BBGs are chosen through continual assessment. As of , this training intake was The training includes weekly sessions of physical, procedural and theoretical instruction, to ensure that the BBGs are fast, alert, self-confident and adaptable to situations.

As of , early training occurs at the Wimbledon All England Lawn Tennis Club Covered Courts, to the side of the Grounds, and then moves to outside courts 8, 9, 10 the week before the Championships for a feel of the grass court.

Dark green and purple are the traditional Wimbledon colours. However, all tennis players participating in the tournament are required to wear all-white or at least almost all-white clothing, a long-time tradition at Wimbledon.

Green clothing was worn by the chair umpire, linesmen, ball boys and ball girls until the Championships; however, beginning with the Championships, officials, ball boys and ball girls were dressed in new navy blue- and cream-coloured uniforms from American designer Ralph Lauren.

This marked the first time in the history of the Championships that an outside company was used to design Wimbledon clothing; the contract with Polo Ralph Lauren ended in Prior to female players were referred to by the title "Miss" or "Mrs" on scoreboards.

Lloyd" during her marriage to John Lloyd , since "Mrs. X" essentially designates the wife of X. This tradition has continued at least to some extent.

The title "Mr" is not used for male players who are professionals on scoreboards but the prefix is retained for amateurs, although chair umpires refer to players as "Mr" when they use the replay challenge.

If a match is being played with two competitors of the same surname e. Previously, players bowed or curtsied to members of the royal family seated in the Royal Box upon entering or leaving Centre Court.

Now, players are required to bow or curtsy only if The Prince of Wales , or The Queen is present, [56] as was in practice during the Championships when the Queen was in attendance at Wimbledon on 24 June.

Prior to the Second World War, members of the Brigade of Guards and retired members of the Royal Artillery performed the role of stewards.

In the AELTC offered employment to wartime servicemen returning to civilian life during their demobilisation leave. In London Fire Brigade members joined the ranks of stewards.

The AELTC pays a subsistence allowance to servicemen and women working as stewards to defray their accommodation costs for the period of the Championships.

The Service Stewards are not to be confused with the Honorary Stewards. The majority of centre and show court tickets sold to the general public have since been made available by a public ballot that the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club holds at the start of the year.

Successful applicants are selected at random by a computer. Seats and days are allocated randomly and ballot tickets are not transferrable.

Fans who invest thus in the club receive a pair of tickets for every day of the Wimbledon Championships for the five years the investment lasts.

Wimbledon and the French Open are the only Grand Slam tournaments where fans without tickets for play can queue up and still get seats on the three show courts on the day of the match.

From , there is a single queue, allotted about seats for each court. When they join the queue, fans are handed queue cards. To get access to the show courts, fans will normally have to queue overnight.

The All-England Club allows overnight queuing and provides toilet and water facilities for campers. Early in the morning when the line moves towards the Grounds, stewards walk along the line and hand out wristbands that are colour-coded to the specific court.

The wrist band and payment is exchanged at the ticket office for the ticket when the grounds open. General admission to the grounds gives access to the outer courts and is possible without queuing overnight.

Tickets returned by people leaving early go on sale at 2: Queuing for the show courts ends after the quarter finals have been completed.

Wimbledon is notable for the longest running sponsorship in sports history due to its association with Slazenger who have supplied all tennis balls during the tournament since Until when its contract ended, [74] Radio Wimbledon could be heard within a five-mile radius on It operated under a Restricted Service Licence.

Presenters included Sam Lloyd and Ali Barton. Typically they worked alternate four-hour shifts until the end of the last match of the day.

Regular guests included Sue Mappin. In later years Radio Wimbledon acquired a second low-power FM frequency within the grounds only of Hourly news bulletins and travel using RDS were also broadcast.

Beginning with the tournament , an in-house operation known as Wimbledon Broadcasting Services WBS has served as the official host broadcaster of the tournament, replacing BBC Sport.

This can result in live matches being moved across all 3 channels. The BBC holds the broadcast rights for Wimbledon until John Barrett succeeded him in that role until he retired in The coverage is presented by Sue Barker live and Claire Balding highlights.

Highlights of the rest of the tournament must be provided by terrestrial stations; live coverage excepting the finals may be sought by satellite or cable TV.

The BBC was forced to apologise after many viewers complained about "over-talking" by its commentary team during the TV coverage of the event in It said in a statement that views on commentary were subjective but that they "do appreciate that over-talking can irritate our audience".

The BBC added that it hoped it had achieved "the right balance" across its coverage and was "of course sorry if on occasion you have not been satisfied".

Tim Henman and John McEnroe were among the ex-players commentating. Wimbledon was also involved in a piece of television history, when on 1 July the first official colour television broadcast took place in the UK.

Four hours live coverage of the Championships was shown on BBC Two, which was the first television channel in Europe to regularly broadcast in colour.

Beginning , all centre court matches are televised in 4K ultra-high-definition. A piece titled "A Sporting Occasion" is the traditional closing theme, though nowadays coverage typically ends either with a montage set to a popular song or with no music at all.

Mansfield also composed the piece "World Champion", used by NBC during intervals change-overs, set breaks, etc. Caroline Murphy was the presenter of the programme.

Live coverage was provided in the Irish language while they broadcast highlights in English at night. Live coverage started early in the morning the US being a minimum of 5 hours behind the UK and continued well into the afternoon, interspersed with commentary and interviews from Bud Collins , whose tennis acumen and in famous patterned trousers were well known to tennis fans in the US.

From to , premium channel HBO carried weekday coverage of Wimbledon. Since the tournament, all live coverage, including the Finals, has been exclusively on ESPN and ESPN2, marking the second major tennis championship after the Australian Open available in the United States exclusively on pay television although taped highlights from the tournament are presented at weekend afternoons on sister network ABC.

In Mexico , the Televisa family of networks has aired Wimbledon since the early s. Presently, most weekend matches are broadcast through Canal 5 with the weekday matches broadcast on the Televisa Deportes Network.

As Mexico is six hours behind the U. Although Mexico had begun broadcasting in colour in , Wimbledon continued to air in black and white in Mexico until colour television came to the United Kingdom in In Brazil, SporTV has exclusive rights to the broadcast.

Although there are some exceptions, as in Denmark, where the Danish channel TV3 Sport and Viaplay, holds the rights to show Wimbledon until In the Netherlands Center Court is shown live on Eurosport 1 and all other courts are shown live on the Eurosport Player.

In Australia , the free-to-air Nine Network covered Wimbledon for almost 40 years but decided to drop their broadcast following the tournament, citing declining ratings and desire to use money saved to bid on other sports coverage.

In April , it was announced that the Seven Network , the host broadcaster of the Australian Open, along with its sister channel 7Two would broadcast the event from Pay television network Fox Sports Australia also covers the event.

In India and its Subcontinental region, it is broadcast on Star Sports. In their new channel, TVNZ Duke also free-to-air , carried an alternative to the main feed, including for example matches on outside courts involving New Zealand players.

Fox Sports Asia holds broadcasting rights across Southeast Asia. Most matches are also available for viewing through internet betting websites and other live streaming services, as television cameras are set up to provide continuous coverage on nearly all the courts.

The trophy has been awarded since and bears the inscription: The actual trophy remains the property of the All England Club in their museum, so the champion receives a three-quarter size replica of the Cup bearing the names of all past Champions height The salver, which is The actual dish remains the property of the All England Club in their museum, so the champion receives a miniature replica bearing the names of all past Champions.

From to the replica was 8 inches in diameter, and since it has been a three-quarter size replica with a diameter of A trophy is awarded to each player in the Doubles pair, unlike the other Grand Slam tournaments where the winning Doubles duo shares a single trophy.

The runner-up in each event receives an inscribed silver plate. Prize money was first awarded in , the year that professional players were allowed to compete in the Championships for the first time.

Wimbledon built its first police station in Cultural developments included a Literary Institute by the early s and the opening of Wimbledon Library in Street names reflect events: The change of character of Wimbledon from village to small town was recognised under the Local Government Act , which formed Wimbledon Urban District with an elected council.

By , Wimbledon had established the beginnings of the Wimbledon School of Art at the Gladstone Road Technical Institute and acquired its first cinema and the theatre.

Unusually, the facilities at its opening included Turkish baths. By the s, residential expansion had peaked in Wimbledon and the new focus for local growth had moved to neighbouring Morden , which had remained rural until the arrival of the Underground at Morden station in Wimbledon station was rebuilt by the Southern Railway with a simple Portland stone facade for the opening of a new railway branch line from Wimbledon to Sutton in Damage to housing stock in Wimbledon and other parts of London during the Second World War led to a final major building phase, when many earlier Victorian houses with large grounds in Wimbledon Park were sub-divided into flats or demolished and replaced with apartment blocks.

Other parts of Wimbledon Park, which had previously escaped being built upon, saw local authority estates constructed by the borough council, to house some of those who had lost their homes.

Initially, the new administrative centre was at Wimbledon Town Hall, but it moved to the storey Crown House in Morden in the early s.

During the s and s, Wimbledon town centre struggled to compete commercially with more developed centres at Kingston and Sutton.

Part of the problem was the shortage of locations for large anchor stores to attract customers. After some years in which the council seemed unable to find a solution, The Centre Court shopping centre was developed on land next to the station, providing a much needed focus.

The shopping centre incorporated the old town hall building. A new portico, in keeping with the old work, was designed by Sir George Grenfell-Baines , who had worked on the original designs over fifty years before.

Wimbledon lies in the south-west area of London , south of Wandsworth , west of Mitcham , north of Sutton and east of Kingston upon Thames , on the outskirts of Greater London.

It is 7 miles The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.

It is considered an affluent suburb with its grand Victorian houses, modern housing and low-rise apartments.

The majority of the adult population of around 68, adults belong to the ABC1 social group. Wimbledon is covered by several wards in the London Borough of Merton, making it difficult to produce statistics for the town as a whole.

Locals, newsagents, tradesman and Estate Agents refer to certain streets informally after their "street name" themes: At the time the Domesday Book was compiled around , Wimbledon was part of the manor of Mortlake.

The manor of Wimbledon changed hands many times during its history. Wimbledon formed the name of a larger borough of Wimbledon within the county of Surrey.

In the businesses in Wimbledon voted to introduce a Business Improvement District. In the s, at the bottom of the hill on land between the railway line and Worple Road, the All-England Croquet Club had begun to hold its annual championships.

But the popularity of croquet was waning as the new sport of lawn tennis began to spread, and after initially setting aside just one of its lawns for tennis, the club decided to hold its first Lawn Tennis Championship in July Wimbledon has also been well known for another period of sporting fame.

From a small, long-established non-League team, Wimbledon Football Club had from climbed quickly through the ranks of the Football League structure, reaching the highest national professional league in and winning the FA Cup against Liverpool in However, the proximity of other more established teams, such as Chelsea and Fulham and the small size of its ground meant that the club struggled to increase its fan base to the size needed to maintain a top-flight team.

In the team was relegated from the top division of English football after 14 years. Wimbledon moved into a stadium at Plough Lane in and played there for 79 years, until beginning a ground share with Crystal Palace at Selhurst Park near Croydon , as their progress through the Football League meant that redeveloping Plough Lane to the required modern standards was impractical.

The stadium stood dormant for 10 years until it was finally demolished in A housing development now occupies the site.

In May , an FA commission controversially allowed the owners of the club to relocate 70 miles north to the town of Milton Keynes in Buckinghamshire , despite vehement fan protests.

This represented a previously unheard-of acceptance by the FA of American-style sports-team franchising, and the decision was universally criticised.

The club also won the Combined Counties League Premier Challenge Cup in and the Surrey Senior Cup in to complete consecutive league and cup doubles, in one of which finishing the season unbeaten in the league.

On 21 May , promotion to the football league was achieved when AFC Wimbledon won their Conference Premier play-off against Luton Town on penalty kicks after a goalless draw and extra time at City of Manchester Stadium This put Wimbledon back into English Football League , a remarkable achievement in such a short time.

In the s, the newly formed National Rifle Association held its first competition on Wimbledon Common. The association and the annual competition grew rapidly and by the early s, rifle ranges were established on the common.

In the competitions were lasting two weeks and attracting nearly 2, competitors, housed in temporary camps set up across the common. By the s, however, the power and range of rifles had advanced to the extent that shooting in an increasingly populated area was no longer considered safe.

Wimbledon Village Stables is the oldest recorded riding stables in England. It offers horse-riding lessons and hacks on Wimbledon Common and in Richmond Park.

In the Rev. Daniel Lysons published The Environs of London: For many years Wimbledon Stadium hosted to Greyhound racing , as well as Stock car racing and Speedway.

Speedway began at Wimbledon Stadium in The local team, the "Dons" , was successful over the decades. The track re-opened in and the Dons operated in the top flight for many years.

In the s the track was home to two World Champions: Ronnie Moore and Barry Briggs. Greyhound racing and stock-car racing continue there. There is an active running club in Wimbledon called the Windmilers.

The club includes some top athletes as well as beginners. A Parkrun is held every Saturday morning at 9 am. The course starts and finishes at the Windmill.

Mullholland as the Wimbledon Theatre, on the site of a large house with spacious grounds. It opened on 26 December with the pantomime Jack and Jill.

The theatre was saved from redevelopment by the Ambassador Theatre Group in The golden statue on the dome depicts Laetitia , the Roman Goddess of Gaiety, and was an original fixture back in Laetitia is holding a laurel crown as a symbol of celebration.

The statue was removed during the Second World War , as it was thought to be a direction finder for German bombers. It was eventually replaced in The theatre contains two performance spaces — a seat main auditorium and a seat studio dedicated to early-year performances.

Polka also has a creative learning studio, a garden, an outdoor playground, indoor play area, exhibition spaces and a cafe. It is a producing theatre, which also tours shows nationally and internationally, and provides a range of education and community engagement programmes for children as a registered charity [32] and an Arts Council England National Portfolio Organisation.

Wimbledon was given as the site where the sixth Martian invasion cylinder landed in H. Each October thousands attend the Wimbledon BookFest, which has been running since Over 60 events are held around Wimbledon, including at the Big Tent on the Common.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wimbledon Wimbledon town centre. Wimbledon shown within Greater London.

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